Child psychology studies the behaviour and mind of a child. It is important to study child psychology as it tells us about various aspects of the development of a child's mind. Child psychology deals with not only children's physical health but also with their mental, emotional and social development.
A school is a place where a child spends half of his day and the teacher is like a second parent for a child. She takes care of him in the school and acts as a guide and mentor. After parents, a child trusts his teachers the most.
Child psychology is important for teachers because before every student is different in his own way and before guiding the student for the right path it is important for teachers to understand about the type of guidance he/she needs according to his mind and behaviour. It helps teachers to judge the development of a child. Child psychology helps the teacher to know why a child is not able to improve his performance and what are the ways by which she can motivate him to do better. It helps her know at which rate a child's mind is developing.
If a teacher is well known with the concept of child psychology then she can study about the behaviour of the child and can easily understand the reasons why he/she behaves in a particular manner and how it can be changed. With this study, she can set goals for a child according to the capacity of his mind. She can easily detect what are the ways to motivate a child and what kind of tasks should be given to him which increases his interest in studies.
A teacher plays a great role in students life. She can influence her students and change their attitude towards studies, career and life. She acts like a friend, guide and a mentor. Through the right motivation and understanding, she can improve students. Some students are intelligent while others are not so good in studies, some students socialize easily but some don't have the confidence to socialize with people. Every student has different problems. It's a teacher's responsibility to identify the problem with a child's behaviour. She is able to do this by understanding a child's mind.
In India, child psychology is a compulsory subject for primary school teachers. They study about this branch of psychology as it helps them to know what type of questions should be given to children according to their age and mind, what are the ways by which his confidence and personality can be developed and how his interest can be increased in studies.
5 Important Areas of Child Psychology
There are five important areas of child psychology which helps us to know more about a child.
1. Development - Development of a child has is studied in three terms, i.e, physical, cognitive and social. Physical psychology studies about the development of his body which includes motor skills like a gross and fine motor. Cognitive is the intelligence study, i.e, how child gains knowledge, his logical and reasoning skills and how imaginative he is. Social development deals with how a child interacts with others, his confidence, fears, communication skills, public speaking etc.
2. Milestones - Psychology helps in setting milestones for every child according to their capabilities. Milestones is an important area to check the progress of a child. It acts as a checkpoint for a child's progress. It helps to set goals for a child according to his age and capacity.
3. Behaviour - Every child behaves differently. Some behaviours of children are naughty, shy, talkative, confident, anger and fear. Every child behaves in a different manner. Child psychology helps to study the type of behaviour and how this behaviour can be changed with the right guidance.
4. Emotions - It involves learning about one's feelings and emotions, how it developed. How to recognize one's feelings, understand them and respond towards them. This process starts at adulthood and continues until infancy. Some emotions that children experience are sadness, happiness, fear, shyness, confidence, surprise, shame etc.
5. Socialization - The age of early adulthood is a crucial period of socialization. It is basically how to acquire knowledge, ethics and learnings and use them to interact with our surroundings like family, classmates, society, friends and in school. This process starts in infancy and continues to adulthood.
Child psychology is very important for teachers and parents both and both of them play an equal role in a child's development. Teachers realize where a child is going wrong and can change his attitude to get him on the right path. Teachers are the stairs on which a child climbs the ladder of success.
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